Radiological diagnostics is a modern way of examining a patient, which consists in diagnosing the disease and the effects of injuries with the help of X-ray images. Thanks to the discovery of X-rays in 1895, medicine has gained a revolutionary way of diagnosing internal diseases and injuries. The development of this method and the continuous improvement of the equipment have improved the work of doctors and made surgical tools in assessing the condition of internal organs and bones almost unnecessary. Radiological diagnostics allow the detection of fractures, lesions, foreign bodies and also determine their exact location. Thanks to this, medicine can work faster, more effectively and non-invasively. The basis for the treatment of any disease is the correct diagnosis – without it, even the most expensive drugs and treatment will not help. Our office successfully uses this method of diagnosis. Thanks to radiological diagnostics, the dentist can check the condition of individual teeth and periapical tissues of the jaw or mandible, temporomandibular joint and maxillary sinuses.
What can radiological diagnosis detect?
All changes that cannot be recognized by intraoral examination of the teeth and mucosa, such as caries, cysts, tumours or cancer. If they are not revealed early enough, recovery will be very difficult. Also the consequences of various injuries or supernumerary teeth can be examined and decided on their treatment or removal.
We examine the teeth in two ways. One of them is the intraoral image, dividing into adjoining and occlusal images. The adjoining image usually includes three teeth, so a small space, so that we can thoroughly examine a specific tooth and root. It detects cysts, tumours as well as supernumerary teeth. The occlusal image makes it possible to check the occlusion defects, the position of invisible teeth, calculus in the salivary duct and other changes.
The intraoral examination allows to assess facial trauma as a result of injuries or lesions. In our clinic we take the following types of dental images:
- Tomography of the jaw or mandible
- Tomography of the sinuses
- Cephalometric images
- Temporomandibular joints images
- Single tooth images
- Wing-occlusal images
Planning of a implant-prosthetic treatment also requires taking X-ray images. This allows to assess the quality and quantity of bone tissue and anatomical conditions. We are able to evaluate all this by doing a tomography that allows us to plan the implantation procedure in detail.
When should we decide for the X-ray of teeth and bones?
We use X-ray images for various types of injuries and diseases in the craniofacial area, as well as diseases of the periodontium, bone tissues, temporomandibular joints and tumours. Also, caries, cysts, salivary glands, fractures or postoperative losses are diagnosed with the help of those images. The quick detection of a disease increases the chances of healing.
How does the examination work?
Depending on the type of examination, the dentist places the X-ray film in the patient’s mouth (intraoral examination) or puts his head on it (extraoral examination). In the first case, the patient himself holds the film with his finger and is in a sitting position. If a pantomographic examination is performed, the patient must stand motionless while the X-ray device moves around his head.
Can radiation harm me?
Absolutely not. A single X-ray examination does not pose a health risk – you should not be afraid of the consequences of irradiation. The only exception are pregnant women – they mustn’t attend the examination.